HTML – Introduction

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Introduction of HTML

HTML is a Hyper Text Markup Language. Which is used to create web pages or websites. We can create our own web pages using various tags of HTML.
We can run a website or web page developed in html on all these platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux. And you can use it.

Hyper Text

Hypertext is a method by which we can explore the website. It is a simple text. We can also call hypertext as hyperlink which converts any text as Hyperlink through HTML anchor tags.

Markup

Markup in html means formatting the style and layout of any text, you can mark it using tags in any text. The type of tags you use to mark the text, the same text appears on your web page.

Language

HTML is a language that is used to create a website, you can create your own website using html and run it on the browser.

History of HTML

HTML language was developed by Tim Berners lee in 1991. If we talk about its Versions, so far a total of 7 versions of html have been released.

HTML 1.0

This was the first version of HTML and very few people used this language.

HTML 2.0

This version had all the features of HTML 1.0. And along with some extra features were added so that the website can be made better. This version was introduced in 1995.

HTML 3.0

After this version came, html became very popular but due to some compatibility problem in this version, this version was stopped but it was reintroduced after the problem was solved.

HTML 3.2

Some new tags were added to this version. And with this version, there has been a lot of increase in website development. This version was introduced in 1997.

HTML 4.01

Along with the cascading style sheet, some new tags were also added to this version. This version was introduced in 1999.

XHTML

XML was also added to this version. This version was introduced in 2000.

HTML 5.0

This is the latest version of HTML. In this version some new tags and feature have been added along with multimedia support. This version was introduced in 2014.

HTML language

Language of the HTML – is the foundation of web sites, it can create a page frame, which you see in the browser.

If we compare a page of a site and an ordinary paper book, then the site, like a book, has paragraphs and headings. The book contains the title of the entire book (in fact, the most important title), there are titles of chapters, paragraphs in these chapters, and so on.

Headings, paragraphs and other blocks can be highlighted on the site page. This is done using HTML tags .

What are HTML tags?

HTML tags are special commands for the browser. They tell him what, for example, should be considered a page title, and what a paragraph.

Tags are built according to the following principle: corner < , then the tag name, and then the corner > , like this:  . The tag name can be composed of English letters and numbers. Examples of tags: 

 , 

 

 ,  .

Tags are usually written in pairs – the opening tag and the corresponding closing tag. The difference between opening and closing tags is that there is a slash / in the closing tag after the < corner .

For example, 

 – this is how I opened the p tag, and so – 

 – I closed it. Anything that falls between the start and end tags is affected by our tag.

There are tags that do not need to be closed, such as 
 or  .

Attributes

Tags can also contain attributes – special commands that extend the action of a tag.

Attributes are placed inside the opening tag in the following format:  .

Quotes can be any – single or double, it is permissible not to put them at all if the attribute value consists of one word (but this is not desirable).

CSS language

The CSS language extends the capabilities of the HTML language. It allows you to change colors, fonts, background, in general, make the beauty of the site. And HTML, respectively, is responsible for the structure of the site.